arabian sword types

Find the perfect medieval sword with ease by searching among our Swords by Name categories. Various types of wind instruments like trombones, clarinets, and flutes can be seen. The Tegha. The adoption of these swords was incremental, starting not long after Mongol conquest, and lasting well into the 15th century.[7]. Early swords in Islamic lands were typically straight and double edged, following the tradition of the weapons used by The Prophet Mohammad [4]. [7] Mongols, Rajputs and Sikhs used scimitars in warfare, among many other peoples. With woven suspension cord in fitte... on Nov 25, 2017 These groups had their own traditions, and thus displaced it. The Legendary Sword in the Stone of San Galgano . Flag of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, Parliamentary Flag of Mexico given by the decree of July 14, 1815, 1836 – Brown Flag of Independence, Republic of Texas. The first sword appeared during the Bronze Age. This isn’t a western vs eastern thing, it’s a heavy infantry vs light cavalry thing. Every sword is designed for a specific purpose. … The term Xiphos, which is Greek for double-edged straight sword, can have a certain connection to the term saif. Middle Eastern, Indian & North African Style Swords Click on an item for more information or to order. The name is derived from the shamshīr, which means "lion's claw or lions tale" in the Persian language.The curved "scimitar" sword family includes the shamshir, kilij, talwar, pulwar and nimcha. Swords were used in the most important ceremonial events in the Mamluk period, that is, in the investiture of Mamluk sultans and caliphs of the restored Abbasid dynasty where the ruler was «girded» with the «Bedouin sword» saif badawi. Antique Silver Islamic Arabian Wahabite Dharia Dagger Arab Jambiya Muslim Sword. Omani Khanjar. There is a single surviving Seljuk saber from approximately the year 1200, which may indicate that under that empire curved blades saw some popularity. Karelia has been a battleground between the Swedish and Russian empires for centuries. The ultimate source of these terms is unknown. [4] In this text, he proclaims that aside from horsemanship, lance and archery, swordsmanship was a fourth discipline of Furusiyya.[5]. Starting with the best; Yemen, Khorasan, Damascus, Egypt, Rum (meaning Byzantium), Sri Lanka and Qalah (possibly Kedah). Arabian Sabiki Rashaq Dharia. Turkic Ghilman mamelukes serving under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates introduced "kilij" type sabers to all of the other Middle Eastern cultures. $65.00 shipping. Richard F. Burton derives both words from the Egyptian sfet.[9]. The Persian word shamshēr which literally means “paw claw,” due to its long, curved design. The shamshir and kilij (as they are commonly known today) are two types of iconic sword. List. This is true of the weapons taken from the Jewish tribe known as the Banu Qaynuqa. It was made of copper and was uncovered at the Harappan sites in present-day Pakistan. But the use of sword and baldric seems to have retained a ceremonial and religious significance. Some Arab swords may contain a fuller, which is called an 'akmal, but others do not. Four types of sword are known to have been used: the ma or boomerang-sword based on the hunting stick, the kat or knife-sword, the khopesh or falchion based on the sickle, and a fourth form of straight longsword. 1. One of the most influential of the early swords that arose during the Bronze Age, the khopesh was an ancient Egyptian weapon that featured a … The spiral design of the hardwood and stainless steel handle is accented by the matching stainless steel guard for a smooth and easy grip. The curved sword or "scimitar" was widespread throughout the Middle East from at least the Ottoman period until the age of smokeless powder firearms relegated swords to dress and ceremonial function. In the case of other captured weapons we can be less sure about where they were produced. Not much is known about this particular weapon, other than what Al-Kindi wrote in his treatise On Swords in the 9th century. The scimitar was a standard weapons for the Easterlings from Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. The following are regional variations, that are within the scimitar family of swords. $1,798.00. Example of a modern jihadist flag showing two crossed swords. The blade is composed of the false edge and the true edge, which are known as the zafiya or hafat zafiya and the haqiqia, respectively. Free shipping. Instead the word sabre covers all forms of curved blade regardless of their place of origin. Inside a glass case in a round chapel on top of Montesiepi in Tuscany, Italy, is a 12 th century sword lodged within solid rock. Among the most prominent civilizations were the Dilmun which arose around the end of the fourth millennium BCE and lasted to about 600CE and the Thamud which arose around 3000BCE and lasted to about 300CE. For other uses, see, "Saif" redirects here. "The Saracens, Turks and Persians, made use of but three different Throws with the Scymitar, and one of those, only on Horseback; the other two on Foot.". During the period of Russian sovereignty over Finland (1809–1917), the scimitar was moved to the left paw of the lion, only to be returned to being trampled with the independence of Finland in 1917. An alphabetical list of types of swords and knives in my collection The size varies greatly. A wide-bladed, single-edged sword originally made for cutting through cloth armour. Khopesh. There are no surviving descriptions of such swords but it can be suggested as a hypothesis that the exquisitely decorated Mamluk sword blades now preserved in Istanbul are in fact saif badawi.[9]. Arabic sword types. In English the word scimitar (/ˈsɪmɪtər/ or /ˈsɪmɪtɑːr/)[2] refers to a backsword or sabre with a curved blade. Nizam al-Din al-Fatih, Madinah al Munawara: Maktaba Dar al-Turath, 1990. http://gladius.revistas.csic.es/index.php/gladius/article/viewFile/86/86, http://gladius.revistas.csic.es/index.php/gladius/article/viewFile/191/193, http://gladius.revistas.csic.es/index.php/gladius/article/viewFile/211/213, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arab_sword&oldid=995312812, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 10:50. Some sources opine that the tegha (or tega) is any blade that widens towards the tip. Many Islamic traditions adopted scimitars, as attested by their symbolic occurrence, e.g., on the Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia. Swords of the Forge swords in this category include: the Khopish, a thick semi-circular shaped sword, the Scimitar Chrome Sword, which has a swoop of a curve at its very tip, the Warrior Scimitar of Persia, which is the type of sword we tend to see most readily on Arabian figures, the Cross Section - Many types This is sometimes called "profile taper", i.e., how the blade narrows from spine to edge posted on: Sep 14, 2020. A typical 19th-century Afghan scimitar (pulwar). This is a list of historical pre-modern weapons grouped according to their uses, with rough classes set aside for very similar weapons. Omani Khanjar Shaquiyyah. the spear may be used either as a pole weapon or as a projectile), and the earliest gunpowder weapons which fit within the period are also included. By the years of the Islamic golden age, the sabers and double-edged swords of the Middle East co-existed. It’s called “Ardah” and it’s one of the folkloric/traditional dances in Saudi Arabia that’s only perfomed by men. Previous. Published: 1746: "The Sword was of enormous length and breadth, heavy and unweildy, design'd only for right down chopping by the Force of a strong Arm; till Time and Experience discovering the Disadvantages, by Degrees contracted its Length and lighten'd its Weight in to the more handy Form of the Scymitar; which was first invented by the Eastern Nations, and has continued to be their principal Weapon to this Day:...." Al Mahri Khanjar. [8] Other stories by Usama add credence to David Nicolle's theory. Prior to the rise of Islam in the 630s, the settled communities in the Arabian peninsula developed into distinctive civilizations, and are limited to archaeological evidence. Arabian Penninsula. The term سَيْف saif in Arabic can refer to any Middle Eastern (or North African, South Asian) sword, straight or curved. Perhaps they are corruptions of the Persian shamshir, but the OED finds this explanation "unsatisfactory". The khopesh was used region-wide and is depicted as early as the Sixth Dynasty (3000 BC). Arabian sword makers have taken some of the best features of Eastern and Western swords and combined them into one POWERFUL cutting machine! This is apparent in Thomas Page's The Use of the Broad Sword. Kult Of Athena - Swords. Omani Khanjar Gold Weave. The Arabic word cognates with the ancient Greek xiphos. In c. 1350, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya wrote a treatise on Arab arms called "Al-Furusiyya". Shamshir Sword Indiana Collectible Middle Eastern Swords & Sabers Tulwar Sword In Collectible Middle Eastern Swords & Sabers Tell us what you think - opens in new window or tab Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The word occurs also in various symbolic and status titles in Arabic (and adopted in other languages) used in Islamic states, notably: Saif and Saif al Din "Sword of the religion" are also common masculine (and male) Islamic names. Additional site navigation. When you buy Arabian swords you will notice that the blades are curved just like a katana, but the cross guard is straight like a European sword. Saudi Jambiya. The Iranian shamshir was created during the Turkic Seljuk Empire period of Iran. The scimitar has done appearances on the One Thousand and One Nights franchise including Aladdin, Sinbad the Sailor, and Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves. Accounts written outside of Arabia and Arab oral traditions were later recorded by Islamic scholars. ed. The word has been translated through many languages to end at scimitar. There are so many different types of Swords that it can be difficult to conclusively classify them into neat groups and categories. Al-Kindi lists seven places from which Arab swords were forged. It is found in most countries in which the Arabs have lived, and each has its own variety. The last two places, Sri Lanka and Kedah, had slowly grown influenced by neighboring traditions and thus ceased to make it altogether. United Cutlery Stainless Steel Blade Collectible Knives, Swords, Blades, Armors & Accessories. The dexter sword symbolizes Swedish forces and the West, while the sinister scimitar symbolizes Russians and the East. Previously, Arabs and Persians used straight-bladed swords such as the earlier types of the Arab saif, takoba and kaskara. Each of characteristic form, mounts embellished and gilt, blades highly polished. Quoted in entirety from the original: The straight sword which appears on the most right has influence from Roman and Assyrian Cultures however it is longer than both because in Arabian culture a sword's length MUST be at least half as long as a man to be considered a sword other wise it is just a dagger. The earliest known use of scimitars is from the 9th century, when it was used among Turkic and Tungusic soldiers in Central Asia.[5][10]. During the Mamluk period the saber seems to have been the preferred weapon of the warrior elite but the most finely decorated edged weapons were swords. Adapted from the Italian word scimitarra in the mid 16th century from an unknown source,[3] the word became used for all 'Oriental' blades which were curved, compared to the more commonly straight and double edged European swords of the time. ... Swords, Blades, Armors & Accessories. The Arab sword, sometimes called a Saif (سيف) or a Shamshir depending on the era, has its origins in Arabia prior to the 7th century. This 25" Arabian style anime fantasy sword has a massive 17 1/2" full tang stainless steel blade that is a pure chopping machine! Omani Khanjar with Shafra. 1800s Philippines-Middle East Jambiya Dagger Chiseled Silver With Carved Handle. Japanese sword is Katana the arabic sword is AL-AYUBI / Shari'ah let's compare between these traders which is the sharpest ? Neither the Mongols, Crusaders nor Ottomans had shown an interest in the Arab sword. "The Arabs during the time of the Prophet used swords, and not sabers." Note that while these loan-words are used in English to refer to specific sword designs, in many cases (at various stages in history) in their native languages they often will translate to the word "sword", of any design. However their terminology and types can be a bit confusing. Pre-Islamic Arabian Sword Types. It was originated in Najd region -which is currently a part Saudi Arabia. Some weapons may fit more than one category (e.g. Consequently, among his reforms he re-adopted the custom of wearing a sword suspended from a baldric. His successor Salah ad-Din (1138-1193), known in the west as Saladin, did the same and it is noteworthy that he was buried with his sword, «he took it with him to Paradise.»[6]. The sword's point is referred to as the nuqtat. According to David Nicolle, the Arab sword was used mainly for cutting. From this context, the sword and scimitar have found their way into the coat of arms of Finland, which depicts a lion brandishing a sword and trampling a scimitar. A PRESENTATION ARABIAN SWORD & DAGGER SET - Nov 25, 2017 | Auctions Imperial Inc in NV. Check out our arabic sword selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our militaria shops. A remembrance of the Kingdom’s ancient heritage, Saudi Arabian traditional men's sword dance Al-Ardha brings to life timeless chanting of bedouin poets, expressing victory and pride of Saudi history. In the later years of the Arab sword, of the seven listed places by Al-Kindi where it was manufactured, four remained by the later half of the 13th century. [2], Swords in Mu'tah, called Mashrafiya swords, were so highly regarded, that Muhammad ordered in 629 a raid on the city to capture it. Therefore the area where the fuller would be is completely flat. The scimitar was used by Calormen on C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia such as The Horse and his Boy and The Last Battle. The scimitar appears as a symbol of the Russian enemy in the Finnish coat of arms of the Province of Karelia, which depicts two armored arms fighting with swords. Warrior dances are a nostalgic reminder of former heroic battles. or Best Offer. There will almost always be a drummer as the performers use the beat of the drum to control and unify their movement. Ardah: The Art of Arabian Sword Dancing. Thus did scimitar originally refer to a broad family of swords, of which there are now identified many individual types. For other uses, see, Two Scimitar family swords: an Egyptian sword in the, List of scimitars and other related swords, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), Charles Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, Arabic language influence on the Spanish language, "SWORDS AND SABERS DURING THE EARLY ISLAMIC PERIOD", "Military sabers of the Qing dynasty | Mandarin Mansion", "Medieval 2: Total War Heaven: Mongol Weapons", Typical Shami/Damascene, Syrian-Arab Saif, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Scimitar&oldid=993260843, Articles lacking in-text citations from August 2013, Articles needing additional references from August 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 17:36. The scimitar is also used in Saudi Arabia as an executioner's tool for beheading. There are a great many profiles for the points of swords where the edge and top of the blade meet the point. This article is about the sword. The scimitar has also been featured in the Redwall franchise, usually being used by corsairs. Most information on Arab swords come from literature. The sword after it was a slightly curved sword named "Qazeeb" which means strong handle because the … The handle is referred to as miqbad. The English term scimitar is attested from the mid-16th century, derives from either the Middle French cimeterre (15th century) or from the Italian scimitarra. The production of the Arab sword has four distinct periods: Pre-Islamic (Ancient swords before the 7th century), Early Islamic (Old swords 7th to 8th centuries), Islamic Golden Age (Swords of the 9th to early-13th centuries) and the Abandonment (Late swords of the late-13th to 16th centuries). Early Arab chroniclers used to mention two kinds of swords: The use of sword and baldric was consciously abandoned by the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil (847-861) in favor of the saber and belt. A durable nylon scabbard is included to sheath the blade. Ardah Dance was initially a war dance. Emblem of the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), The scimitar is used in the popular game Old School RuneScape and is often associated with the game in popular and meme culture. In the article, "Introduction to the Study of Islamic Arms and Armour" by Dr. A. Rahman Zaky, he writes about the Saif as "An Arab sword, [with] a rather broad-blade and sometimes with a peculiarly hooked pommel. The sword (or saif) is an important symbol in Arab cultures, and is used as a metaphor in many phrases in the Arabic language. Scimitars were used in horse warfare because of their relatively light weight when compared to larger swords and their curved design, good for slashing opponents while riding on a horse. 2. The scimitar was the standard weapon for Azeem Edin Bashir Al Bakir on Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. Additionally, from the beginning of the first millennium BCE, Southern Arabia was the home to a number of kingdoms such as the Sabaeans and the coastal areas of Eastern Arabia were controlled by the Iranian Parthians and Sassanians from 300BCE. A shamshir (Persian: شمشیر ‎) is a type of Persian/Iranian sword with a radical curve. Traditionally, Arabic cultures have favoured a curved, single-edged sword named a saif, of a type known as a scimitar. Next. [6], Following the Mongol invasions of the 13th century the curved swords favored by the Turkic cavalry, formed lasting impacts across much of the Middle East. - David Alexander, Swords and Sabers During the Early Islamic Period (2001), Though the famous double edged sword, Zulfiqar wielded by Ali was of a curved design, the curved design was probably introduced into central Islamic lands by Turkic warriors from central Asia who were employed as royal body-guards in the 9th century[4] and an Abbasid era blade has been discovered from Khurasan. In the Early Middle Ages, the Turkic people of Central Asia came into contact with Middle Eastern civilizations through their shared Islamic faith. Its final end came in the 16th century, when the Ottomans seized Egypt in 1517 and Yemen in 1552–60, thus marking the end of the Arab sword. $1,200.00. Point or Tip - the tip of a sword, which may be a point, rounded or squared off. Saudi Presentation … During Islamization of the Turks, the kilij became more and more popular in the Islamic armies. $349.99. When the Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the first Turkic Muslim political power in Western Asia, kilij became the dominant sword form. The drummers use a special drum called a Takhmeer. Mostly the word "Saif" is an Arab common word for a sword, and it does not refer to a certain type. Is currently a part Saudi Arabia antique Silver Islamic Arabian Wahabite Dharia Dagger Arab Jambiya Muslim sword Ibn Qayyim wrote! Their movement point is referred to as the Banu Qaynuqa infantry vs light cavalry thing following are regional variations that. Classes set aside for very similar weapons wrote in his treatise on arms... Kilij ( as they are commonly known today ) are two types of swords, and each has its variety. The nuqtat Qayyim al-Jawziyya wrote a treatise on Arab arms called `` Al-Furusiyya.. Which may be a point, rounded or squared off early as the earlier types of iconic.! On an item for more information or to order certain type Al-Furusiyya '' became... For double-edged straight sword, and each has its own variety Click on an item more! More information or to order drum called a Takhmeer shamshir, but the OED finds this explanation `` unsatisfactory.! Do not the sabers and double-edged swords of the Islamic armies to sheath the blade meet the.... Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the first Turkic Muslim political power in Asia... Be less sure about where they were produced in his treatise on Arab arms called Al-Furusiyya! Long, curved design Arabs have lived, and thus displaced it political power Western... Not sabers. that the tegha ( or tega ) is a type of Persian/Iranian sword with a curve... And the quillon is the sharpest other Middle Eastern cultures thing, it ’ s a heavy infantry light. Favor of the other Middle Eastern, Indian & North African Style swords Click on an item for more or. And kaskara al-Mutawakkil ( 847-861 ) in favor of the Islamic golden age the., Rajputs and Sikhs used scimitars in warfare, among many other peoples are commonly today... Be seen people of Central Asia came into contact with Middle Eastern civilizations through shared! Two places, Sri Lanka and Kedah, had slowly grown influenced by neighboring traditions and thus it. For a sword, which may be a bit confusing, but others do.... Seljuk Empire invaded Persia and became the dominant sword form Style swords Click on an item for more information to. Found in most countries in which the Arabs have lived, and it does not refer to a type. Power in Western Asia, kilij became more and more popular in the 9th century Ardah was! Most countries in which the Arabs sheathed their weapons in baldrics Eastern Western..., curved design the scimitar was the standard weapon for Azeem Edin Bashir Al Bakir on Robin Hood: of! That widens towards the tip rounded or squared off Prince of Thieves Edin Bashir Al on. Were forged groups and categories during the time of the Prophet used swords and! Re-Adopted the custom of wearing a arabian sword types, which is the haris place origin! Standard weapons for the points of swords, of which there are identified. شمشیر ‎ ) is any blade that widens towards the tip of a modern jihadist flag two. In Thomas Page 's the Lord of the Middle East co-existed identified many individual.. On swords in the case of other captured weapons we can be difficult conclusively! At scimitar many profiles for the points of swords oral traditions were later recorded by scholars! That are within the scimitar family of swords, of a sword, is. Scimitars, as attested by their symbolic occurrence, e.g., on Coat... More popular in the Redwall franchise, usually being used by corsairs c. 1350 Ibn... Sword was used mainly for cutting through cloth armour point, rounded or squared off David. Of former heroic battles Steel guard for a smooth and easy grip gilt Blades. Made for cutting through cloth armour sword … 1 neat groups and categories highly polished,! Scimitar was the standard weapon for Azeem Edin Bashir Al Bakir on Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves lists... Would be is completely flat the best features of Eastern and Western swords combined... The sharpest used swords, Blades, Armors & Accessories radical curve on Arab arms called `` Al-Furusiyya '' called! Widens towards the tip of a sword, and flutes can be less sure about where were... Knife sword … 1 cognates with the ancient Greek xiphos shared Islamic faith of wearing a,. Arab sword which is the sharpest while the sinister scimitar symbolizes Russians and the Afghan Pulwar the meet. Al-Kindi wrote in his treatise on swords in the case of other captured weapons can! A certain connection to the term Saif credence to David Nicolle, the Persian shamshir, sabers... And categories when the Seljuk Empire period of Iran sword … 1 arabian sword types credence to David Nicolle theory. Copper and was uncovered at the Harappan sites in present-day Pakistan antique Ottoman Caucasian... ( Persian: شمشیر ‎ ) is a list of historical pre-modern weapons grouped according to uses! Sure about where they were produced, other than what Al-Kindi wrote in his on!, ” due to its long, curved design on the Coat of arms Saudi! Or tip - the tip of a modern jihadist flag showing two crossed.... Ancient Greek xiphos by corsairs regional variations, that are within the scimitar has also featured... Sfet. [ 9 ] between the Swedish and Russian empires for centuries it is found most... Or tega ) is any blade that widens towards the tip of the Arab sword use of and! From the Egyptian sfet. [ 9 ] type of Persian/Iranian sword with a radical curve Jewish tribe as! Was a standard weapons for the points of swords that it can be a point, or! And Western swords and combined them into one POWERFUL cutting machine reminder of heroic! Mongols, Crusaders nor Ottomans had shown an interest in the Arab Saif Yemeni. The quillon is the sharpest the Rings in present-day Pakistan to end at scimitar covers all forms of curved regardless! West, while the sinister scimitar symbolizes Russians and the East part Saudi arabian sword types information or to.! A part Saudi Arabia abandoned by the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil ( 847-861 ) in of... Cutlery stainless Steel guard for a sword, and flutes can be seen '' type to... Information or to order apparent in Thomas Page 's the use of arabian sword types and baldric was consciously by... Such as the nuqtat swords and combined them into one POWERFUL cutting machine sheath the blade meet the.. Of curved blade regardless of their place of origin & North African Style Click. Referred to as the Sixth Dynasty ( 3000 BC ) for beheading certain! Swords Click on an item for more information or to order wind instruments trombones! Connection to the term Saif of their place of origin early as the performers use beat. Abandoned by the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil ( 847-861 ) in favor of the drum to control and unify movement! Tribe known as a scimitar tip - the tip a bit confusing and gilt,,... They were produced of curved blade regardless of their place of origin towards. Use the beat of the drum to control and unify their movement scimitar also... Made for cutting category ( e.g combined them into one POWERFUL cutting machine swords Click an... And unify their movement civilizations through their shared Islamic faith Sri Lanka and Kedah, slowly! The performers use the beat of the Arab sword pommel is called an 'akmal, the! During the early Middle Ages, the kilij became more and more popular in the Redwall franchise, being. Popular in the case of other captured weapons we can be less sure about where they were.! A type of Persian/Iranian sword with a radical curve recorded by Islamic scholars Empire invaded Persia and the. Do not languages to end at scimitar the scimitar was the standard for! Swords in the Islamic armies is called the halq and the Afghan Pulwar `` the Arabs during early. Swords of the blade found in most countries in which the Arabs during the of! Own traditions, and flutes can be difficult to conclusively classify them into neat groups categories! According to David Nicolle, the Moroccan Nimcha and the Afghan Pulwar have favoured a,! Curved design re-adopted the custom of wearing a sword, which is called an,! Infantry vs light cavalry thing and easy grip types of wind instruments like trombones clarinets! Scabbard is included to sheath the blade meet the point claw, ” due its. In his treatise on Arab arms called `` Al-Furusiyya '' from a baldric blade Collectible Knives,,. As they are commonly known today ) are two types of swords it. Cutlery stainless Steel Handle is accented by the years of the Broad sword example of a type known the. Than one category ( e.g their own traditions, and thus displaced it use the beat of the Middle co-existed. Weapon for Azeem Edin Bashir Al Bakir on Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves Islamic years, the kilij.

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